Silencing or telling?: The response of adolescents in juvenile justice setting to indirect violence exposure

Graciela Susanne from Grupo de investigación en Victimización Infantil y Adolescente (GReVIA) Universidad de Barcelona, Noemí Pereda from Grup de Recerca en Victimització Infantil i Adolescent (GReVIA), Universitat de Barcelona, Georgina Guilera from Grupo de investigación en Victimización Infantil y Adolescente (GReVIA) Universidad de Barcelona and José E. Medina Sarmiento from Investigador del Centro Críminal para el estudio y prevención de la delincuencia de la Universidad Miguel Hernández de Elche


The goal of the study is to give visibility to the multiple experiences of indirect exposure to violence (EIV) to which young delinquents are exposed during their lives, to observe whe ther they keep silent or tell somebody about them, and who are their most frequent interlocutors. The sample consisted of 101 youth aged between 14 and 17 years, mainly recruited from detention centers (77.2%) in Catalonia, Spain. EIV was assessed with the Juvenile Victimization Questionnaire (JVQ; Finkelhoret al., 2005), self-report version. Results show that keeping silent is the prevalent behavior among them, with highest rates of silencing within the family context (violence from parents to siblings, 75%, and between parents, 69%). With highest rates within the community context, by assaults without weapon (57.5%), and murder of relative or friend (51%). Friends are the most frequent interlocutors by community violence experiences (riots and shootings, 45.2%, and assaults with weapons, 42%).


Violence, Juvenile justice, Victimization, Witnessed violence, Spain.

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Revista Española de Investigación Criminológica (REIC)
ISSN: 1696-9219
Criterios LATINDEX: 33 de 36
Índice de impacto: 0.153
4/22 (1er cuartil) ámbito derecho penal y procesal IN-RECJ