The stigma of criminal records in the labour market. An experimental study

Martí Rovira from Universidad Pompeu Fabra


This research is directed to establish if the stigma of a criminal record should be considered in understanding the worse conditions in the labour market of people with convictions in Spain. Previous studies were unable to separate this effect from other explanations as low levels of education or the breakdown of networks because of the conviction. Following Pager (2007), this study adopts the experimental methodology of Correspondence Test, on which matched fake resumes, that only differ in a mention of a prison stay, are sent to real job offers, to test if there is a difference in the responses between the resumes. The results show that in Spain, at least some part of the people with criminal records appear to be discriminated in the labour market because of stigma.


Prison, Discrimination, Stigma, Criminal records, Employment.

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Revista Española de Investigación Criminológica (REIC)
ISSN: 1696-9219
Criterios LATINDEX: 33 de 36
Índice de impacto: 0.153
4/22 (1er cuartil) ámbito derecho penal y procesal IN-RECJ