Ni ciudadanos ni personas reales. El estilo italiano de gobierno de la inmigración a través del sistema penal

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.46381/reic.v18i2.339

Palabras clave:

sistema penal, migración ilegal, medidas coercitivas, hiperencarcelamiento, segregación, control social, populismo penal

Resumen

El objetivo del presente artículo es describir el uso engañoso que se hace del sistema penal italiano como un dispositivo para gestionar las demandas de seguridad justificadas en la percepción generalizada de aumento de los flujos migratorios en Italia. En particular, el artículo analiza - en cada etapa del sistema penal, derecho penal sustantivo, derecho procesal penal y sistema penitenciario - la conexión entre los procesos de criminalización y el uso de medidas extrajudiciales para controlar los flujos migratorios (como los controles fronterizos y las expulsiones). Los resultados sugieren que esta 'doble vía' penal (ciudadanos italianos por un lado y migrantes por el otro) - con el subsecuente hiperencarcelamiento de extranjeros, así como su deportación final como consecuencia de la vulneración de las leyes administrativas y/o penales - se configura como una elección disfrazada, aunque deliberada de la reciente política legislativa italiana con respecto al sistema de justicia.

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Publicado

2020-12-31

Cómo citar

Scomparin , L., & Torrente, G. . (2020). Ni ciudadanos ni personas reales. El estilo italiano de gobierno de la inmigración a través del sistema penal. Revista Española De Investigación Criminológica, 18(2), 1–34. https://doi.org/10.46381/reic.v18i2.339