Dar voz a los niños migrantes durante la recepción y los procedimientos de asilo. Ilustraciones sobre la implementación del art. 12 CRC en Grecia y Bélgica

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.46381/reic.v18i2.347

Palabras clave:

UNCRC, menores migrantes, detención migratoria, debate sobre la crimigración, procesos de asilo, derecho a ser oìdo, vigilancia migratoria, entrevista de asilo

Resumen

Según el enfoque de los derechos de la infancia, los niños, niñas o adolescentes solicitantes de asilo tienen derecho a una protección especial. No obstante, la realidad muestra que tan pronto como entran en un país de manera irregular, son criminalizados, convirtiéndose así en parte del debate sobre la crimigración. Como resultado, se ven privados de sus derechos humanos básicos, incluido el derecho a ser oídos, consagrado en la Convención de las Naciones Unidas sobre los Derechos del Niño. El presente artículo parte de una discusión sobre el hecho de que la infancia en movimiento requiere un papel central y activo en la investigación, especialmente en momentos en que se introducen nuevos conceptos teóricos en el ámbito de la justicia juvenil y la vigilancia migratoria. En segundo lugar, se profundiza, a través de los casos de Grecia y Bélgica sobre cómo se aplica el derecho del niño, niña o adolescente a participar y a ser escuchado durante los procedimientos de recepción y asilo. Se llama la atención sobre las peculiaridades existentes en los enfoques de investigación basados en derechos aplicados a los estudios sobre inmigración, y se aboga por el uso  de enfoques holísticos que tengan como objetivo superar el concepto simbólico de dar voz a los niños, niñas y adolescentes y así conseguir un cambio positivo con respecto a los procesos de asilo de la infancia migrante.

Agencias de apoyo
Research Foundation – Flanders (FWO) (G078419N)

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2020-11-22

Cómo citar

Papadopoulos, I., & Van Buggenhout, M. (2020). Dar voz a los niños migrantes durante la recepción y los procedimientos de asilo. Ilustraciones sobre la implementación del art. 12 CRC en Grecia y Bélgica. Revista Española De Investigación Criminológica, 18(2), 1–23. https://doi.org/10.46381/reic.v18i2.347