Revisión sistemática del concepto de polivictimización desde una perspectiva metodológica

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.46381/reic.v18i1.399

Palabras clave:

polivictimización, cuestionario de victimización juvenil, prevalencia, criterios metodológicos, infancia-adolescencia

Resumen

El concepto de polivictimización, entendido como la experimentación de múltiples tipos de victimización durante la infancia y la adolescencia, está ampliamente reconocido. El desarrollo del Cuestionario de Victimización Juvenil ha permitido un estudio comprehensivo de este fenómeno. No obstante, no hay acuerdo en la definición metodológica, existiendo múltiples elementos que inciden en la detección de polivíctimas. El objetivo es realizar una revisión del concepto de polivictimización desde una perspectiva metodológica. Se incluyen 30 artículos de los que se describe su método de análisis, el marco temporal analizado, el tipo de muestra y la versión del instrumento aplicada. Se discute cómo la variabilidad de criterios metodológicos construye una definición de polivíctimas diferente en cada investigación, afectando a los puntos de corte y a la detección de polivíctimas. Este trabajo ofrece orientación para comprender la prevalencia de la polivictimización, y puede servir como guía a nuevos investigadores de este campo de estudio.

Agencias de apoyo
María Verónica Jimeno Jiménez recibe financiación del Fondo Europeo de Desarrollo Regional (FEDER)[2019/7375]

Descargas

Los datos de descargas todavía no están disponibles.

Citas

Aho, N., Gren-Landell, M. & Göran, C. (2016). The Prevalence of Potentially Victimizing Events, Poly-Victimization, and Its Association to Sociodemographic Factors: A Swedish Youth Survey. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 31(4), 620-651. https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260514556105

Álvarez-Lister, M.S., Pereda, N., Abad, J., Guilera, G. & GReVIA (2014). Polyvictimization and its relationship to symptoms of psychopathology in a southern European simple of adolescent outpatients. Child Abuse & Neglect, 38, 747-756. doi: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2013.09.005

Álvarez-Lister, M.S., Pereda, N., Guilera, G., Abad, J. & Segura, A. (2017). Victimization and Poly-Victimization in Adolescent Outpatients from Mental Health Centers: A Case-Control Study. Journal of Family Violence, 32, 197-205. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10896-016-9831-1

Bogolyubova, O., Skochilov, R. & Smykalo, L. (2015). Childhood Victimization Experiences of Young Adults in St. Petersburg, Russia. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 30(7), 1153-1167. https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260514539849

Chan, K.L. (2013). Victimization and poly-victimization among school-aged Chinese adolescents: Prevalence and associations with health. Preventive Medicine, 56, 207- 210. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2012.12.018

Croysdale, A.E., Drerup, L.C., Bewsey, K. & Hoffmann, N.G. (2008). Correlates of Victimization in a Juvenile Justice Population. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma, 17(1), 103-117. https://doi.org/10.1080/10926770802250876

Cyr, K., Chamberland, C., Lessard, G., Clément, M.-È., Wemmers, J.-A., Collin-Vézina, D. & Gagné, M.-H. (2012). Polyvictimization in a Child Welfare Sample of Children and Youths. American Psychological of Violence, 2(4), 385-400. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0028040

Cyr, K., Chamberland, C., Clément, M.-E., Lessard, G., Wemmers, J.-A., Collin-Vézina, D., Gagné, M.-H. & Damant, D. (2013). Polyvictimization and victimization of children and youth: Results from a population survey. Child Abuse & Neglect, 37, 814-820. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2013.03.009

Cyr, K., Chamberland, C., Clément, M.-E., Wemmers, J.-A., Collin-Vézina, D., Lessard, G., Gagné, M.-H. & Damant, D. (2017). The Impact of Lifetime Victimization and Polyvictimization on Adolescents in Québec: Mental Health Symptoms and Gender Differences. Violence and Victims, 32(1), 3-21. https://doi.org/10.1891/0886-6708.vv-d-14-00020

Cyr, K., Clément, M.-E. & Chamberland, C. (2014). Lifetime Prevalence of Multiple Victimizations and Its Impact on Children’s Mental Health. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 29(4), 616-634. https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260513505220

Dong, F., Cao, F., Cheng, P., Cui, N. & Li, Y. (2013), Prevalence and associated factors of poly-victimization in Chinese adolescents. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 54, 415-422. https://doi.org/10.1111/sjop.12059

Finkelhor, D., Hamby, S.L., Ormrod, R.K. & Turner, H.A (2005). The Juvenile Victimization Questionnaire: Reliability, validity, and national norms. Child Abuse & Neglect, 29, 383–412 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2004.11.001

Finkelhor, D., Hamby, S.L., Turner, H.A. & Ormrod, R.K. (2011). The Juvenile Victimization Questionnaire: 2nd Revision (JVQ-R2). Durham, NH: Crimes Against Children Research Center.

Finkelhor, D., Ormrod, R. K., & Turner, H. A. (2007a). Polyvictimization and trauma in a national longitudinal cohort. Development and Psychopathology, 19, 149-166. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0954579407070083

Finkelhor, D., Ormrod, R. K., & Turner, H. A. (2007b). Polyvictimization: A neglected component in child victimization trauma. Child Abuse & Neglect, 31, 7-26. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2006.06.008

Finkelhor, D., Ormrod, R.K. & Turner, H.A. (2009). Lifetime assessment of poly- victimization in a national sample of children and youth. Child Abuse & Neglect, 33, 403-411. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2008.09.012

Finkelhor, D., Ormrod, R.K., Turner, H.A. & Hamby, S.L. (2005). Measuring poly- victimization using the Juvenile Victimization Questionnaire. Child Abuse & Neglect, 29, 1297-1312. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2005.06.005

Finkelhor, D., Shattuck, A., Turner, H.A., Ormrod, R. & Hamby, S.L. (2011). Polyvictimization in Developmental Context. Journal of Child & Adolescent Trauma, 4, 291-300. https://doi.org/10.1080/19361521.2011.610432

Ford, J.D., Chapman, J., Connor, D.F. & Cruise, K.R. (2012). Complex Trauma and aggression in secure juvenile justice setting. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 39(6), 694-724. https://doi.org/10.1177/0093854812436957

Ford, J.D., Elhai, J.D., Connor, D.F. & Frueh, C. (2010). Poly-Victimization and Risk of Posttraumatic, Depressive, and Substance Use Disorders and Involvement in Delinquency in a National Sample of Adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health, 46, 545-552. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2009.11.212

Ford, J.D., Grasso, D.J., Hawke, J. & Chapman, J.F. (2013). Poly-victimization among juvenile justice-involved youths. Child Abuse & Neglect, 37, 788-800.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2013.01.005

Guerra, C., Inostroza, R., Villegas, J., Villalobos, L. & Pinto-Cortez, C. (2017). Polivictimización y sintomatología postraumática: el rol del apoyo social y la autoeficacia. Revista de Piscología, 26(2), 1-10. http://dx.doi.org/10.5354/0719-0581.2017.47951

Guerra, C., Pereda, N., Guilera, G. & Abad, J. (2016). Internalizing symtoms and polyvictimization in a clinical sample of adolescents: The roles of social support and non-productive coping strategies. Child Abuse & Neglect, 54, 57-65. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2016.03.004

Hamby, S., Finkelhor, D., Ormrod, R., & Turner, H. (2005). The Juvenile Victimization Questionnaire (JVQ): Administration and Scoring Manual. Durham, NH: Crimes Against Children Research Center.

Hamby, S., Finkelhor, D., Turner, H. & Kracke, K. (2011). The Juvenile Victimization Questionnaire toolkit. Recuperado de http://www.unh.edu/ccrc/jvq/index_new.html

Holt, M.K., Finkelhor, D. & Kaufman, G. (2007). Multiple victimization experiences of urban elementary school students: Associations with psychological functioning and academic performance. Child Abuse & Neglect, 31, 503-515. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2006.12.006

Indias-García, S. & De Paúl-Ochotorena, J. (2017). Lifetime victimization among Spanish adolescents. Psicotherma, 29(3), 378-383. https://doi.org/10.7334/psicothema2016.342

Kretschmar, J. M., Tossone, K., Butcher, F., & Flannery, D. J. (2016). Patterns of poly-victimization in a sample of at-risk youth. Journal of Child & Adolescent Trauma,

(4), 363–375 https://doi.org/10.1007/s40653-016-0109-9

Lätsch, D.C., Nett, J.C. & Hümbelin, O. (2016). Poly-Victimization and Its Relationship With Emotional and Social Adjustment in Adolescence: Evidence From a National Survey in Switzerland. American Psychological Association. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0039993

Le, M.T.H., Holton, S., Nguyen, H.T., Wolfe, R. & Fisher, J. (2015). Poly-Victimisation among Vietnamese High School Students: Prevalence and Demographic Correlates.

PLOS ONE, 10(5), E0125189. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0125189

Pereda, N. (2019). ¿Cuánta violencia es demasiada? Evaluación de la polivictimización en la infancia y la adolescencia. Papeles del Psicólogo, 40(2), 101-108. https://doi.org/10.23923/pap.psicol2019.2892

Pereda, N., Abad, J. & Guilera, G. (2015). Victimization and Polyvictimization Among Spanish Adolescent Outpatients. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma, 24, 1044-1066. https://doi.org/10.1080/10926771.2015.1072121

Pereda, N., Abad, J. & Guilera, G. (2017). Victimization and Polyvictimization of Spanish Youth Involved in Juvenile Justice. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 32(21), 3272- 3300. https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260515597440

Pereda, N., Gallardo-Pujol, D. & Guilera, G. (2018). Good practices in the assessment of victimization: The Spanish adaptation of the Juvenile Victimization Questionnaire. Psychology of Violence, 8(1), 76-86. https://doi.org/10.1037/vio0000075

Pereda, N., Guilera, G. & Abad. J. (2014). Victimization and polyvictimization of Spanish children and youth: Results from a community sample. Child Abuse & Neglect, 38, 640-649. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2014.01.019

Pinto-Cortez, C., Flores-Jara, J., Pereda, N. & Guerra, C. (2019). Victimización y polivictimización en niños, niñas y adolescents aymara y su relación con sintomatología post-traumática. INTERCIENCIA, 44(4), 229-235. Recuperado de https://www.redalyc.org/jatsRepo/339/33959119007/html/index.html

Pinto-Cortez, C., Gutiérrez-Echegoyen, P. & Henríquez, D. (2018). Child Victimization and Polyvictimization Among Young Adults in Northern Chile. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 1-23. https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260518759058

Pinto-Cortez, C., Pereda, N. & Álvarez-Lister, M.S. (2017). Child Victimization in a Community Sample of Adolescents in Northern Chile. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma, 1-20. https://doi.org/10.1080/10926771.2017.1410748

Pinto-Cortez, C. & Venegas, K. (2015). Experiencias de Victimización y Polivictimización en Jóvenes Chilenos. Señales, 9(14), 5-25. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/292148599_Experiencias_de_Victimizaci on_y_Polivictimizacion_en

Reid, J. A., & Sullivan, C. J. (2009). A latent class typology of juvenile victims and exploration of risk factors and outcomes of victimization. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 36(10), 1-24. https://doi.org/10.1177/0093854809340621

Richmond, J.M., Elliott, A.N., Pierce, T.W., Aspelmeier, J.E. & Alexander, A.A. (2009). Polyvictimization, Childhood Victimization, and Psychological Distress in College Women. Child Maltreatment, 14(2), 12-147. https://doi.org/10.1177/1077559508326357

Segura, A., Pereda, N., Abad J. & Guilera, G. (2015). Victimization and polyvictimization among Spanish youth protected by the child welfare system. Children and Youth Services Review, 59, 105-112. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2015.10.011

Segura, A., Pereda, N. & Guilera, G. (2018). Poly-victimization from different methodological approaches usgin the juvenil victimization questionnaire: Are we identifying the same victims? Journal of Trauma & Dissociation, 19(3), 289-306. https://doi.org/10.1080/15299732.2018.1441352

Soler, L., Paretilla, C., Kirchner, T. & Forns, M. (2012). Effectos of poly-victimization on self-esteem and post-traumatic stress symptons in Spansih adolescents. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry, 21, 645-653. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00787-012-0301-x

Sterzing, P.R., Ratliff, G.A., Gartner, R.E., McGeough, B.L. & Johnson, K.C. (2017). Social Ecological Correlates of Polyvictimization among a National Sample of Transgender, Genderqueer, and Cisgender Sexual Minority Adolescents. Child Abuse & Neglect, 67,1-12. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2017.02.017

Turner, H.A., Finkelhor, D. & Ormrod, R. (2010). Poly-Victimization in a National Sample of Children and Youth. Am J Prev Med, 38(3), 323-330. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2009.11.012

Turner, H.A., Finkelhor, D. & Ormrod, R. (2006). The effect of lifetime victimization on the mental health of children and adolescents. Social Science & Medicine, 62, 13- 27. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2005.05.030

Turner, H.A., Shattuck, A., Finkelhor, D. & Hamby, S. (2016). Polyvictimization and Youth Violence Exposure Across Contexts. Journal of Adolescent Heatlh, 58, 208-214. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2015.09.021

Descargas

Publicado

2020-12-22

Cómo citar

Ortega Vidal, B., & Jimeno Jiménez, M. V. (2020). Revisión sistemática del concepto de polivictimización desde una perspectiva metodológica . Revista Española De Investigación Criminológica, 18(1), 1–28. https://doi.org/10.46381/reic.v18i1.399

Número

Sección

Artículos