Vol. 21 Núm. 2 (2023): Número especial: Criminología Verde


Blanqueo y ‘black-washing’ de vida silvestre: interacciones entre el comercio legal e ilegal de anguila europea y caviar negro desde la perspectiva de la Criminología verde.

  • Aitor Ibañez Alonso | KU Leuven
  • Daan P. van Uhm | Utrecht University




El comercio ilegal de vida silvestre ha llamado la atención de los criminólogos debido a la fuerte interconexión entre los actores criminales y legítimos. Los estudios que examinan las interconexiones entre los ámbitos legales e ilegales del comercio de especies protegidas han venido centrándose en las prácticas de blanqueo cuando observan el movimiento entre los circuitos ilegales y legales, descuidando así el papel predominante de las prácticas de ‘black-washing’. Este estudio tiene como objetivo ampliar el conocimiento sobre cómo los bienes de vida silvestre se mueven del circuito ilegal al legal, y viceversa. Para ello, el estudio conceptualiza el blanqueo y ‘black-washing’ como dos tipos de transformaciones de especies protegidas y productos derivados. Para ilustrarlo, se usan datos empíricos obtenidos de dos casos de estudio (el comercio ilegal de anguila europea y de caviar negro). Mediante una perspectiva de la Criminología verde que permite focalizarse en los actores legales, se demuestra cómo éstos desempeñan un papel importante en las redes de comercio ilegal de anguila y caviar mediante el uso de técnicas de blanqueo y el ‘black-washing’.

Palabras clave:

Criminología Verde, anguila europea, caviar, blanqueo de vida silvestre, 'black-washing’


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Cómo citar

Ibañez Alonso, A., & van Uhm, D. P. (2023). Blanqueo y ‘black-washing’ de vida silvestre: interacciones entre el comercio legal e ilegal de anguila europea y caviar negro desde la perspectiva de la Criminología verde. Revista Española De Investigación Criminológica, 21(2), e837. https://doi.org/10.46381/reic.v21i2.837

Agencias de apoyo

  • Universidad de Utrecht
  • KU Leuven


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